Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Miss California Essay :: essays research papers

The Miss California, USA Seminar            At the Miss California, USA class we were guided in how to apply cosmetics the right path for stage lighting and furthermore we had various night outfits displayed with the goal that we could realize what is worthy. We likewise had various bathing suits displayed for us by different agents who I will contend with. The individual accountable for the USA exhibition association is Carolee Munger from San Luis Obispo, CA. She showed us how to introduce ourselves within the sight of our appointed authorities and furthermore how to go after our most significant standards. The course was eight and a half hours long. It included getting the hang of, talking abilities, self-assurance, and individual rights as a person. We likewise had the benefit of tuning in to a notable clinician address us about display and how significant it is know yourself and the objectives you might want to accomplish throughout everyday life. Questions, for example, & amp;quot;Where do you see yourself in five years?" have certainly given another idea to what I might want to accomplish for an incredible remainder. I figured out the proper behavior self-assured even in circumstances where you don't feel great. I additionally discovered that realizing how to make a great passage rather than an amazing way out will give you an extraordinary nearness.      Miss California, USA is somebody who has an uncommon nearness wherever she goes, regardless of whether it be the market or a major occasion. She is additionally somebody who isn't hesitant to be decisive in exceptional circumstances. Being self-assured without being forceful is something we as a whole should learn. To climb on the planet you have to put forth every single attempt to better yourself regular. Certainty is only the start, character is the thing that props somebody up, and decisiveness is the thing that makes them unique in relation to every other person.      Eddie instructed us that we have individual rights to cry and be irate in a quiet way. As an individual we reserve the privilege to act naturally and go to bat for what we have confidence in. Without singularity we would have no assorted variety in our reality. I likewise recognized the way that assorted variety is the thing that makes us who we are each and ordinary. Despite the fact that assorted variety is seen by some as an issue, we are simply the individuals who make the issues among ourselves. Decent variety is the thing that gives Miss California, USA her name.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Ketobemidone Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Ketobemidone - Research Paper Example This paper investigates the equivalent words of Ketobemidone, its substance structure, its disclosure and combination, physical and concoction properties just as its employments. Different Names for the Compound Ketobemidone is a compound with various names. The compound is likewise utilizing other different equivalent words, for example, 1-[4-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)- 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl]-1-propanone; Cetobemidone; Ethyl 4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)- 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl ketone; Cliradon; Cliradone; Cetobemidon; Cymidon; Hoechst 10720; Ciba 7115; Ketobemidonum; 1-[4-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)- 1-methyl-4-piperidyl]-1-propanone; 1-Propanone, 1-[4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)- 1-methyl-4-piperidinyl]-;1-Propanone, 1-[4-(m-hydroxyphenyl)- 1-methyl-4-piperidyl]-; NSC 117863; or A 21 Lundbeck1. The Chemical Structure of Ketobemidone The concoction structure of the compound is: How Ketobemidone Was Discovered and Synthesized â€Å"The history of manufactured medications with morphine-like impact is moderately short, g oing back just to 1939, when Eisleb delivered the now renowned 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic corrosive ethyl ester.†2 Eisleb along with his partners initially combined Ketobemidone in 1942 at I.G. Farbenindustrie’s research center at Hoechst in the midst of World War II. In any case, for a long time, inquire about had been on-going to discover engineered substances with a similar structure as morphine. Little, Eddy along with their collaborators at the United States Public Health service3 worked resolutely to locate these engineered substances with morphine-like structure. The examinations were established on the speculation that morphine’s pain relieving impact was characteristic in dibenzofuran, phenanthrene, dibenzofuran just as carbazole core, which were recognized as segments of morphine. Prior endeavors were anyway pointless with no improvement of any manufactured compound with attractive pain relieving impact. Natural science explores seldom yie ld expected outcomes and items got typically stop by some coincidence. The pain relieving movement of 4-phenylpiperidines was found by chance in 1940s over the span of research by researchers to discover antispasmodic qualities on analogs of cocaine.4 The fundamental focal point of Eisleb and Schaumann was to locate an elective compound for atropine. The scientists found that the mixes had significant levels of pain relieving properties separated from their spasmolytic properties. Carboxylic corrosive displayed the best results and was later sold in Germany as dolantin, which was wrongly thought to be non-addictive. As research increased, a few different mixes with structures like morphine were created including methadone, which was found in Germany during the Second World War.5 The underlying investigation of ketobemidone opened up in print in 1946 after which it took brief term before being presented in clinical medication. In 1954, the Economic and Social Council asked government s to quit delivering and exchanging on ketobemidone contending that it is a risky drug.6 Ketobemidone is incorporated by alkylation of (3-methoxyphenyl) acetonitrile with bis (2-chloroethyl) methylamine, which is then responded with ethylmagnesiumbromide. The subsequent item is then O-demethylated with hydrobromic corrosive to frame ketobemidone. â€Å"1-Methyl-4-(m-methoxy)phenyl-4-cyanopiperidine on response with ethyl magnesium bromide structures ketone transitional, which on demethylation with hydrobromic corrosive bears ketobemidone.†7 Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Ketobemidone Physical Properties

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

The Book Designer A Great Resource for Self-Published Authors

The Book Designer A Great Resource for Self-Published Authors If you are a self-published author looking for practical, actionable, advice on publishing and book marketing, The Book Designer is a website you will definitely want to bookmark. The tagline of the site is Practical Advice To Help Build Better Books, and its fair to say the founder and owner, Joel Friedlander, delivers exactly what he promises. Friedlander is a successful self-published author, with a background in printing, graphic design, typography and book publishing that goes back to the early 1970s. He has grown with the industry, and now focuses his time and effort on bringing authors new ways to create, market and sell their books.Navigating the siteThe Book Designer is an easy site to navigate with all the important pages clearly displayed in a menu bar along the top of every page, and a sidebar that directs you to the many useful products and services the site offers for self-published authors. The home page is a regularly updated blog, with advice on a wide variety of top ics related to writing, publishing and marketing.The sidebar also contains a comprehensive, clickable list of topics covered in the blog, and at the bottom of the page, you will find a bar that allows you to browse the archives by month and year (they go back to August 2009). Below this, youll find a clickable topic list, to allow you to quickly navigate to a handy information page on any of the following topics:Self-PublishingBook DesignAuthor BloggingBook MarketingFonts TypographyAt the top of the home page, Friedlander offers his free guide, 10 Things You Need to Know About Self-Publishing. This is a 24-page eBook that provides tips, links, and resources for indie authors. Topics include:How to find freelance editorsHow to obtain and use ISBNsMaking sure your book has a great coverSocial media marketing for authorsReaders will need to provide and confirm their email address to download the free eBook.WritingThe Book Designer covers writing tips and techniques, as well as design and publishing. Topics covered in the articles in the writing section include:9 Mental Tools for Writing When the Clock is Ticking … and BeyondCreativityâ€"You Are Absolutely UniqueThe Ultimate Writers JournalWho Are You Going to Acknowledge in Your Book?Writers Tools and the Forgotten KeyboardRhythm and Pacing of Writing; The Final FlourishFollowing some of these links, I found solid, actionable, advice from both Friedlander himself and other contributors. The emphasis is on actual tools and techniques you can use to write not only well, but efficiently, productively, and systematically. There is a lot of practical advice, presented in an entertaining way, and very little fluff.Self-publishingSelf-Publishing advice is another large topic section within the blog. Following the link in the sidebar, I found several useful posts on specific topics of interest to self-published authors, such as:The Writing-Marketing BalanceAn Audio Book Narrators Guide for AuthorsWhats Going On With C reateSpace and KDP Print?Do You Know Where Your ISBNs Are?How to Organize Your Books Front MatterThere are also weekly This Week In The Blogs posts, which are round-up posts featuring news and advice from blogs around the web, focusing on topics relevant to indie authors, and presenting links to several useful resources all in one post. This alone makes the blog worth following for many authors, as they have the opportunity to read a variety of relevant articles from top bloggers without having to seek them out.Book designAs you would expect from a site named The Book Designer, the book design section is also full of useful advice. Some of the topics covered in this section are:110 Type Ornaments to Use in Your BookLong and Complex Books Demand Attention to DetailBook Design Pet PeevesExpert Advice for Creating Industry-Standard Print BooksLearn About the Color of Type Pages in Book DesignI found this section highly useful. If you are an author with some design skills happy to desig n your own book, or even if you are outsourcing the whole process, the information in this section will help you navigate the process. This section will help you ensure your self-published book is not let down by design mistakes that you simply wouldnt see in traditionally published books.The man behind the siteAs already mentioned, Joel Friedlander has been accumulating experience in the industry since the early 1970s. In fact, he grew up with a father who was apprenticed in the printers union straight out of high school, and learned his print skills back in the 1930s and 40s. Friedlander writes on the site about the effect that growing up in this environment, rich in the lore of printing and typography, had on him. He entered the printing industry himself, and his background in printing, typography and design has informed his own journey as a writer, author and publisher.Now he is passionate about helping other independent self-published authors create the very best product, and e xperience, they can for their readers. He is heavily focused on providing existing and potential authors with practical advice about the publishing process, stating: Writers change the world one reader at a time. But you cant change the world with a book thats still on your hard drive or in a box under your bed.The Book Designer has won several awards and accolades. It was named one of the Writers Digest 101 Best Websites For Writers (in multiple years) and also won the Alliance of Independent Authors Award for Top Website for Self-Publishers.ResourcesThere are several paid products and services for self-published authors available on the site. Firstly, they offer pre-designed book templates to enable authors to easily create beautiful books using their regular software (such as Microsoft Word or Apple Pages). The templates are built to industry-standard specifications by an award-winning book designer, and allow authors to format their books for both print and eBooks. There are dif ferent templates available for novels, literary non-fiction, and general non-fiction.The Book Designer also offers the Book Launch Toolkit, which is a package of tools, worksheets, and cheat sheets to get every aspect of your launch right, from your website and marketing materials, through to your book trailer and blog tour. There is also an interactive launch plan tool authors can use to build a 6-month customized plan, to suit their needs and objectives.There is also a bundle of Author Media Kit templates to help authors connect with journalists, bloggers, reviewers, and buyers. This package includes 15 templates, step-by-step instructions on how to create the four types of photos you need for your media kit, and an in-depth guide on exactly what your media kit is for, what goes into it, and how to use it.The Book Designer shop has a variety of other eBooks, reports and training resources for authors, including:The Self-Publishers Ultimate Resource GuideA Self-Publishers Companion Quick Easy Guide to CopyrightQuick Easy Guide to ISBNs and BarcodesQuick Easy Guide to Book Distribution DiscountsQuick Easy Guide to Print on DemandThe Self-Publishing RoadmapThere is also the free eBook already mentioned, 10 Things You Need to Know About Self-Publishing, available to download from the shop, or at the top of the home page.AwardsThe Book Designer runs monthly eBook cover design awards, and any author or cover designer can submit their cover for consideration. Monthly awards are given out for both fiction and non-fiction covers. The winning books are featured on the site, along with other entries, all with a short (often just one-line) critique or comment from Joel Friedlander. Note that not all eBook cover entries get a critique or comment, as sometimes, this is just not feasible for the sites editors.Other useful pagesOne very useful page on the site is the Book Awards for Self-Published Authors page, which provides a long list of book awards that accept self- published authors for consideration, along with links to the details of each award. This is a useful resource for authors who wish to submit their book for awards as part of their marketing and awareness campaigns.Another useful page is the Book Sizes page, listing traditional trim sizes for print books, and also listing the sizes available at all major print-on-demand companies that a self-published author might consider using. This page also covers some information on topics like offset printing and paper colors.Depending on where you are in your publishing journey, and what your budget is, one last page you might like to check out is the consulting page. This is where you can book a consultation with The Book Designer himself, Joel Friedlander, to discuss your book, ask specific questions, and get tailored advice, including a cost estimate of your book production. This will be in the form of a phone conversation, and you get a recording of the conversation to review at your leisu re.The Book Designer provides an excellent set of free and paid resources, all in one place, from an experienced, enthusiastic, and successful industry professional.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Analysis Of George Orwell s 1984 - 2157 Words

Tyra Bolden Jennifer Byrd 12 AP Lit 2nd 26 January 2015 1984 Character is defined as brief outline of a personage who typifies certain qualities. The person is described, not as an individualized personality, but as a vice or virtue or type, such as a superstitious fellow, a county bumpkin, a happy milkmaid, etc. Similar treatments of institutions and inanimate objects, such as â€Å"the character of a coffee house,† also employed the term, and in the late seventeenth century, by a natural extension of the tradition, character was applied to longer compositions, some historical (Holman). 1984 is a novel written by George Orwell set in London, Oceania, in 1984. George Orwell, born as Eric Arthur Blair, was born in Bengal, India, and spent a year there after his birth. Orwell has an older sister who lived in Henley-on-Thames with Orwell and his mother. Orwell did not spend much time with his father until he retired from the civil service, but they never formed a bond. Orwell attended college at Eton University in Windsor, United Kingdom. Five years after Orwell’s first wife, Eileen O’Shaughnessy, died, Orwell proposed and married editor Sonia Brownell. Orwell most well-known works are Animal Farm and 1984. Unfortunately, Orwell did not have a chance to thrive off of the success of 1984 because he was battling tuberculosis, which was a battle that he unfortunately lost (â€Å"George Orwell†). The novel starts on a cold April day in the post War World II European totalitarian powerShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of George Orwell s 1984848 Words   |  4 PagesCritical Analysis In the George Orwell’s novel 1984, much of the society is watched and have no privacy of any kind. Every person in the Party is under surveillance. In effect, these people cannot live freely and independently, but it seems to be an impossible task because of of the Party surveillance, and how they limit thinking and manipulate reality. We can similarly see these concerns and their effects in today s society and the ways the novel also acts as a warning for the future. In 1984 a manRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 19841423 Words   |  6 PagesIn the novel 1984 by George Orwell, the Party has many strategies and tactics that help them have complete control of the people of Oceania. The control the Party has maintained gives them the ability to manipulate people as a result. The Party takes away the people’s freedom to have a say in their government and become their own person. They use their power to an extreme against the people rather than to help the people. The Party takes advantage of every opportunity to instill fear in the citizensRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 1984 949 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"1984† is a story which takes place in what was then the future of England. The book illustrates a dystopian society in which a government figure named â€Å"Big Brother† rules above all. The country is surrounded by eyes so to speak, devices called â€Å"telescreens† are in houses and buildings to monitor wha t all of the citizens are doing via camera. Coupled with that is the existence of the â€Å"Thought Police† whose sole job is to monitor citizens from committing â€Å"thoughtcrime† which is essentially thinkingRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 1984 923 Words   |  4 Pages1984, is a book written by George Orwell giving the reader a view of what a dystopian government would be like. The government of Oceania controls the lives of it’s citizens; posters of a figure known as â€Å"Big Brother† are seen all over and emphasize that he is always watching it’s citizens. The government enforces rules and regulations amongst it’s citizens, restricting them from giving their own opinion or even opposing the government. Thoughtcrime, face crime, and double think are all strictlyRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 19841450 Words   |  6 PagesThose familiar with George Orwell’s â€Å"1984† will recall that â€Å"Newspeak was de signed not to extend but to diminish the range of thought.† I recently felt the weight of this Orwellian ethos when many of my students sent emails to inform me, and perhaps warn me, that my name appears on the Professor Watchlist, a new website created by a conservative youth group known as Turning Point USA. I could sense the gravity in those email messages, a sense of relaying what is to come. The Professor Watchlist’sRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 19841377 Words   |  6 Pagesvarious types of governments, such include democracy, oligarchy, and more specifically, totalitarian. A totalitarian government gains extensive amounts of control and power over all of their people, and dominate over every aspect of their lives. George Orwell’s â€Å"1984,† conveys to its readers how the government presented totalitarianism and obtained control over their citizens. This action by the government compares to the massacre of the Holocaust, which portrayed the act of totalitarianism by aiming discriminationRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 19841029 Words   |  5 Pages Imagine a world where everything you knew had to be forgotten, and you knew nothing more then what was being told to you. In George Orwell’s book 1984 this is exactly the case. Winston Smith, a m iddle aged man, lives a life already planned for him. Smith works at the Ministry of Truth rewriting the news and other articles to follow the teachings of Big Brother. Big Brother is the leader of Oceania, one of three world powers, and aims to rewrite the past to control the present. Oceania is separatedRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 1984 Essay1127 Words   |  5 Pagesfirst civilizations of mankind, yet it is difficult find one that is perfect even till today. George Orwell shows an example of this within 1984. 1984 was written based on what Orwell thought the government would be like in 1984. He used his personal knowledge and experience with the government to create his story. The setting of 1984 is set in a superstate where there is a totalitarian government. Within 1984 and the 21st century one major key stands out: corruption rules both governments. Trust isRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 19841026 Words   |  5 PagesIn 1984, by George Orwell violence contributed to the plot by having three stages of reintegration. The stages are to learn, understand, and to accept, Winston was forced to learn that 2+2=5 under torture, understanding that the party is good, and seeks power for its own. Winston accepts and understands the Party and Big Brother as soon as Winston wishes the burden of torture on someone else who he loves, and to learn that Big Brother is eternal and that 2+2=5, Winston then is committed and loyalRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 1984 1122 Words   |  5 Pagesfreedom. A growing debate concerning Orwell’s 1984 relevancy is quickly on the rise. Orwell’s fear of a totalitarian society led him to write this book as he lived during the totalitarian movement in Russia. The fear of a totalitarian society spreading sparked his fear and wrote this book to make people understand that it is not benef icial to society. I feel that with the the National Security Agency in the United States, the issue and relevancy of 1984 has never been higher. The public is discovering

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

I Have The Pleasure Of Volunteering My Service At Bilal...

Over the past semester, I have had the pleasure of volunteering my services to Bilal Oromo Dawa Center in Fridley, Minnesota as a tutor and person of influence to children ages 6-18. Bilal Oromo Dawa Center’s (BODC) mission statement is as follows: Bilal Oromo Dawa Center is a charitable, religious, social, cultural, educational nonprofit organization dedicated to serve the Muslim community. As I have come to find out, BODC is a community center that offers many different services for all its community members. The services range from tutoring services, weekend school for Islamic studies, funeral services, Friday congregational prayers, family and marriage counseling, youth sports, and general community services. BODC is a relatively new organization; however, they stem from Tawfiq Islamic Center in North Minneapolis. Tawfiq Islamic Center (TIC) has been open to the community since 2004 and is still open. TIC and BODC share a similar community member base and actively cooperat e to better the community. I have been aware of TIC since it was opened on inaugural day and practically grew up in that facility as I attended practically every event they have set up. I attended weekend school during my adolescence, and I eventually became a teacher’s assistant for the program. It would be an understatement to say that I always felt indebted to the community for playing a large role in my childhood. I continued to teach Arabic and Islamic studies there for a couple of years before

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sci207 Vocational Issues with Copd Free Essays

Social Implications for Patient’s with COPD SCI207: Social Implications of Medical Issues August 1, 2011 Social Implications for Patient’s with COPD CASE 1 Mr. L. , a 55-year-old bartender in a large metropolitan area, has been a heavy smoker for 40 years. We will write a custom essay sample on Sci207: Vocational Issues with Copd or any similar topic only for you Order Now He was diagnosed as having COPD 7 years ago. Mr. L. lives in the city and takes the city bus to work, although he still has to walk about three blocks to the bar where he works. He has found it increasingly difficult to walk the three blocks without stopping to rest at frequent intervals. At work, his manager has also expressed concern about the effect Mr. L. ’s continuous coughing has on customers. (p. 440). According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), smoking is the leading cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and it is considered one of the most common lung diseases known. â€Å"COPD is a diagnostic term used to describe a group of conditions that are characterized by respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea (shortness of breath), cough, sputum production, limitation of air flow, and chronic inflammation of the lungs. † (Falvo, 2008, p. 420). Often, people have both. On the flip side, there are also the rare cases of nonsmokers who lack a protein called alpha-1 antitrypsin that can develop into emphysema. The longer a person smokes, the likelihood of developing COPD is high but there are some who are exceptionally fortunate who do not contract this disease as a result of routine, long term smoking. This paper will examine the causes, the symptoms and complications and what the social implications of having COPD that can affect an individual in an adverse way using the above case study as the example. It is known that Mr. L. began smoking at fifteen years of age. At age 48, he was diagnosed with COPD yet still continues to smoke. Let us assume that Mr. L. has had a nice physique given to him from good genetics rather than regular visits to the gym. Let us also assume that he is a New Yorker and has lived there all of his life. Because the city is so large, there is also automobile traffic that never ceases at any hour – day or night which produces high amounts of carcinogens into the air. There are still manufacturing buildings that also produce pollutants such as exposure to gases or fumes as well as tens of thousands of smokers who release second hand smoke into the environment. Add barbeques and smoke pits or poor ventilation in a smoky bar into the mix and one is exposed to heavy amounts of carcinogenic pollutants every single day. This kind of long term exposure can attribute to some of the causes that may be factored in as to why he was diagnosed with COPD. Mr. L. has been told by his physician that he needs to quit smoking and start a regular exercise routine along with the prescribed medicine to make his conditions manageable and bearable. Because Mr. L. as smoked for 40 years and lived in an urban environment with long term exposure to pollutants along with his own habit, he began to notice a â€Å"smoker’s cough† or excessive mucus that is lingering much longer than a common cold. He notices that he begins to wheeze and gets fatigued when simply walking a few blocks from his bus stop to work or home. Once at work or home, he may realize that he has a hard time catching his breath (dyspnea) with any mild activity such as changing out a k eg, moving a case of beer or carrying out the garbage. He’s given up going to the gym as it wears him out to easily and is embarrassing to him because he wheezes and coughs too often and doesn’t want to be the subject of ridicule from younger, healthy people. He has noticed more lines on his face from not only age, but the smoking has aged him even faster. His teeth are yellowed from nicotine as well as his index and middle fingers from where he holds his cigarettes. New York has passed a non-smoking law for all public places as of the year 2000 and where there were once many smokers, it seems that more have quit than smoke. His patrons have been verbal about his coughing near their beverages or how they have to wait on him as he runs out back to catch a quick smoke, and he does this quite often because he is a 2 pack a day smoker. They complain that his breath and clothing smell of stale cigarettes even though he tries to cover it with breath fresheners and cologne. The patron’s regularly harass him on his choice to smoke and taunt him to quit which annoys him and makes him irritable. Smoking which at one time made him look cool, has now made him a pariah in most social circles as well as the stigma attached to his habit and symptoms. They tease him and say that he will become one of â€Å"those† people who will have to carry an oxygen tank around with him. Johnson, Campbell, Bowers and Nichol assert that â€Å"Stigma is a social construction that defines people in terms of a distinguishing characteristic or mark, and devalues them as a consequence†. Their article further reports that, â€Å"a study involving 27 women and men living with COPD reported that respondents repeatedly described a sense of stigmatization that was a direct result of using supplemental oxygen around other people and which led to feelings of embarrassment and social isolation. (2007). Since there is no cure for COPD, clearly the fastest way to retard lung damage for Mr. L. before he absolutely needs the oxygen tank is to stop smoking. Taking his prescribed medications can treat many of the symptoms such as the wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. He can increase the amount of time walking to build up strength. The stig ma of smoking will then change to encouragement from his patrons to see success in his effort to quit. His breath will not be so offensive nor will his clothes smell of cigarettes. His nails will begin to lose the yellow discoloration and he can whiten his teeth so that he can feel better about his physical looks along with his self pride can be restored by committing to quit. No longer will he feel dismay, embarrassment or be annoyed because of the stigma attached to a smoker that displays the outward symptoms of his disease. Mr. L. ’s whole outlook and attitude will change by simply giving up a horrible habit that can destroy not only his health, but other’s as well. References Falvo, D. R. (2008). Medical and Psychosocial Aspects of Chronic Illness and Disability. 4th ed. ). Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Johnson, J. L. , Campbell, A. C. , Bowers, M. Nichol, A. (2007). Understanding the Social Consequences of Chronic Obstructive Pulminary Disease: The Effects of Stigma and Gender. The Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society. Retrieved August 1, 2011 from: http://pats. atsjournals. org/cgi/content/full/4/8/680#otherarticles The Na tional Center for Biotechnology Information Web site provides information on COPD http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001153/ How to cite Sci207: Vocational Issues with Copd, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Contemporary Debates in Social Work Practice

Question: Describe about the Contemporary Debates in Social Work Practice. Answer: The social issue chosen for describing the social work is homelessness. Homelessness is defined as the situation or experience that are faced by people who are not able in accessing secure, safe, accessible and affordable housing. The concept of homelessness is widely consistent with the relative definition of the three different levels of homelessness. There are different data that forecasts the state of homelessness in Australia. Research have been conducted previously regarding the situation of homelessness that includes many issues such as causes of homelessness, activities of social workers and governments to improve the condition of those people in the country of Australia (Parsell et al., 2013). Government of Australia defined the concept of housing as a basic need for human. It has also stated that the condition of homelessness is a state of violation of the basic right of human not only in Australia but also in other parts of the world. Social worker along with government of Australia is cautious about the fact. It has taken many steps to improve the condition of the homeless people. However, the essay consists of various issues of homelessness in Australia. The causes of homelessness include poverty. It is the main reason that people are not able to afford houses for living in Australia. Apart from that, social isolation, cultural ego, financial difficulties can also come in the range of factors that helps in increasing homelessness among the people of Australia. People who are living in minimum standards of living are also considered as homeless people. Homelessness is a burning issue that is prevalent in the society of Australia from a decade ago. There are measures and programs taken by Australian government and many other Non-government organizations on behalf of the victims of homelessness. Nevertheless, they are many times some of the policies and methods are not worked properly according to the goals accomplished to it. The social workers are focused on various topics such as housing stress, undertaking research, education, social policy development, supervision, consultancy, training and evaluation. Social work related to the homelessness is focused on the well-being of families, individuals and community as a whole (Homeless people's problems grow, 2016). Maximization of the social work emphasize on the different principles of human dignity and social justice. Previously social work has not been committed properly towards integrity, service to humanity and competence. The government organization for social work that has cont ributed a lot for the people affecting from homelessness is Australian Association of Social Workers (Parsell et al., 2013). The organization is focused on providing care and income support to family, health and child welfare to the victims of the country. Apart from these, many other societies such as Red Cross society who is recognises as renowned social working organization in Australia are focused in many activities for the homeless people. The services provided to the homeless victims by Red Cross society are street to home, reintegration service to youth homeless people, service hub for homelessness, accommodation support service for homelessness and Mentors program and personal helpers to the homelessness workers (Sharam Hulse, 2014). The above-mentioned methods and approaches are practiced not only in the past but also in the current scenario. In this case, the situation is different. Hence, the effectiveness of the measures would be different. The objectives of the social work that would be set for reducing the current situation of the Australian society must address the challenges faced by the organizations in accomplishing the goals set for them. However, Australian government in the year of 2008 has released a White paper that emphasize on homelessness. The name of the paper is The Road Home: A National Approach to reducing homelessness. The strategies are formulated up to the year of 2020 in order to guide homelessness (Peterson, 2015). The aim of these strategies in the is to make positive efforts on reducing the number of homeless people that are gradually increasing due to the increase of population. However, the initiatives of White paper are categorized into turning off the tap, expanding the improving services, breaking the cycle. The turning off the tap strategies are referred to the services ensuring the quick response in stopping people in becoming homelessness. Some of the strategies include increasing support in providing rental of the houses of homeless people, assisting youth to become concentrated towards their families; providing a network that engages various community engagement officers while providing specialised services to the homeless people (Sharam Hulse, 2014). On the other hand the second category includes strategies that are not limited on housing of the victims. The strategies put stresses on economic, health and social participation. Expanding service includes development in technology, specialist service to homeless people, testing on various types of funding models and improvement in the quality service of the specialist services. The breaking cycle phase illustrates some strategies that help the homeless people to get into the system in a quick manner. Older people are privileged unde r this category along with upgrading and building houses in the backdated indigenous communities. Apart from that, the rough sleepers are targeted by the assertive outreach of the programs (Chamberlain et al., 2014). The other national organizations along with Australian government focus on the governance, implementation and research on this topic. The implementation part of the methods and approaches of the White paper are the initiatives that are useful in a way so that they can be implemented in the different territories of Australia. The objective behind this is to maintain the consistency in the expected outcomes. There are different types of funds that are funded by the Government of Australia to the National Partnership Agreement (Australian Government, 2016). Approximately $230 million are provided to this for the factor of Homelessness in the year 2017. $1.3 billion amount is provided to various states and territories of Australia by the Australian government. From this amount, approximately $260 million are allocated for the homeless victims. Australian government that focuses either on assisting various youths who are homeless or at the risk of getting homelessness initiates a program known as Reconnect. A sum of amount $23.8 million per annum are invested in the program for the development purpose (Australian Red Cross, 2016). The issue of homelessness is not only prevalent in Australia but also it is present across all other countries of the world. Many factors lead to homelessness among people of the country. The factors of political, cultural, social, economic and global affects the policies and strategies that are formulated by government and other non-government organizations of Australia. Political factors of Australia are stable enough of creating an impact on the field of homelessness. According to Australian government, homelessness is a condition that is not referred to as a basic condition for the human (Parsell Moutou, 2014). Hence, a state is not considered as the state of law. The political influences of the country both have some positive and negative impact on commencing new strategies regarding the homeless victims of Australia. There are many agreements that are associated with the different aspects of homelessness. It is discussed earlier that there are many investments that are funded by government that requires many permissions and stages to reach in the field (McLoughlin Carey, 2013). If the political disturbance is present among the country, then the rate of implementation of the policies of the government organizations hinders in the process. The political condition is also responsible for the processing of the funds that are collected for implemen tation of different strategies for the homeless victims. The social cause is the vital aspect that raises the numbers of homeless people in Australia. Many researches illustrate the social circumstances of the people causing homelessness (Oldfield et al., 2015). The social factors include mental illness, family and domestic violence, traumatic events, addictions, disability and physical health. The social influences not only create impact on the government of Australia but also the people that are prone to homelessness. The social factors also include the social structure of the society that influences people to become homelessness in different parts of the country. Statistics have shown that homeless people are not always poor. Many social factors have forced too many youths and children to flee from house (Gough, 2015). They usually dwell in supported accommodation, boarding houses, impoverished dwellings, etc. Australian culture is famous for its heritage and diversity. There are different types of cultures that are prevalent in the Australia. According to the cultural variations, homelessness is divided into three categories such as primary homelessness, secondary homelessness and tertiary homelessness. Linguistic diversity and cultural diversity are responsible for the increase of homelessness and the decreased productivity of the strategies that are implemented by Australian government to help the victims of homelessness and the people that are likely to become homeless (McDonald, 2014). Census of 2011, suggests that the number of tertiary and secondary homelessness are increasing in number due to the cultural differences. The cultural variations are also responsible for the worse condition of the existing homeless people in the country. Apart from the worse effect on the existing homeless victims, the youths are also becoming homeless due to many social and cultural issues (Jordan, 201 5). The society of Australia is not developed enough to accept the people from African and other Asian origin. Hence, it causes mental illness. The concept of mental illness is also positively related to the concept of homelessness. The tortures that the homeless people are suffering and the youths result in mental illness. Apart from that, the behaviour of the people is the cause that gives rise to mental illness that finally leads to homelessness (Flatau et al., 2015). The policy of government and other organizations that are aided by Australian government are trying to focusing on these aspects so that their strategies can perform well in the field of the homelessness. The most important factor that affects the rate of homeless victims in Australia is the economic factor. The economy of Australia is stable enough (Hudson White, 2015). There are social classes that contain the three classes of people namely higher income group people, middle-income group people and lower income g roup people. The lower income group people belong to the category of primary homeless victims. The economical state of Australia is also responsible for increasing the condition of homeless people. The cost of daily use things is very high. It is impossible for them to afford the general amenities of life to a minimum level. Hence, the economic factor positively raises the rate of primary homeless people in Australia (Roberts, 2015). The core objective of the social work regarding the concept of homelessness is to diminish the rate of homelessness in Australia. Apart from that, many additional objectives support the primary, secondary and tertiary homeless victims in Australia. The social workers face many challenges regarding the homelessness condition in Australia. The main challenge that the social workers and many organizations helping the homeless victims are related to the collection fund. Sometimes the funds are not reached from the government to the organizations (Peterson, 2015). It leads to the delay of the implementation of the strategies that are formulated by the social work and organizations that are focused to meet the objectives of the organizations and the social workers. The problems of the social workers also lie in understanding the current causes that increase the number of victims of homelessness in Australia. It is seen that the social works are done based on the research works that was con ducted earlier. It is one of the major drawbacks of the social works that are commenced for improving the society of Australia against homelessness. The old research works are not capable enough to provide the current data about the situation of homelessness in Australia. Hence, the strategies that are being formulated based on these reports will not provide the expected outcomes (Batterham et al., 2015). Lack of market research and lack of finding the cause of homelessness among various parts of Australia are responsible for mismatch of the desired result and the actual outcomes. However, it can be seen that the degree of effectiveness of the strategies that are previously formulated are not higher than the present formulated strategies. Government of Australia has to take into considerations about different causes of the homelessness in different states and territories of Australia. Apart from that, funds are to be sanctioned in proper places based on the priority and necessity (Bullen, 2015). Many newspaper articles and journal articles published that the policies and initiatives of government of Australia to eradicate the situation of homelessness is not up to the mark. It illustrates that the government is sanctioning money for the improvement, but it is not utilized properly in proper places. The programs are initiated for the benefit of the homeless victims (Gough, 2014). Howev er, it is seen that the initial goals of the organization are not matching with the goals set for the programs by them. In the aspect of culture, the social and cultural factors are increasing the number of people suffering from mental illness. The mentally retarded people are the major victims of homelessness. Lack of effort in the field of mental illness is also considered as the hindrance factor of the homeless people (Milbourne Cloke, 2013). Homelessness is mostly found among indigenous Australians. There are ongoing effects that are caused by homelessness are on employment experiences, schooling, physical and mental health. Census 2011 estimated that approximately 26,743 indigenous population are the victims of homelessness which constitutes up to 28%. The Census describes that 1 out of 284 people are homeless people. The diagram will explain the experience of the Indigenous people regarding the social issue of homelessness. The effect of homelessness have direct and indirect impacts on their life. Figure 1Effect of homelessness on Indigenous people of Australia (Source: Homelessness among Indigenous Australians 2016) The essay focuses on the works of various social workers of Australia who are involved in many works that reduces the rate of homeless people in Australia. Apart from that, the comparison between past workers of the social workers along with their present workers is also mentioned in a detailed way in the essay. Basic human rights do not support the situation of homelessness in any countries of the world. The response of human rights includes the approaches of Australian government that are taken by them in order to provide home, education and other basic amnesties of life for the homeless people of Australia (Sharam Hulse, 2014). The impact of homelessness affects various issues such as freedom of expression, movement, association, right to vote, social security, etc. These rights are the basic human rights that are affected due to the situation of homelessness in Australia. The essay considers contemporary challenges faced by the organizations to fulfil their commitment towards re ducing the rate of homeless people in Australia (Gough, 2014). The social work practice of Australia regarding homelessness has many global influences that can be categorized into cultural, economic and political aspects. The essay focuses on the above aspects in detail so that the readers can get a deeper understanding of the current situation of the country along with the measures that are taken by the social working organizations and Australian government for improvement. However, it can be concluded that the social works must consider the factors that cause homelessness so that they can formulate proper measures to save the victims from homelessness (Batterham et al., 2015). References Batterham, D., Cigdem, M., Mallett, S., Wood, G. (2015). The geography and drivers of homelessness in Australia.Parity,28(2), 6. Bullen, J. (2015). Governing homelessness: The discursive and institutional construction of homelessness in Australia.Housing, Theory and Society,32(2), 218-239. Chamberlain, C., Johnson, G., Robinson, C. (Eds.). (2014).Homelessness in Australia. UNSW Press. Flatau, P., Thielking, M., MacKenzie, D., Steen, A. (2015). 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